Industry Process /Overview


Best Practices - NECA - Sectorwise

Automobile Industry


Aluminium

Process
01. Process 02. Manufacture of aluminium
03. All about aluminium and its processing 04. Alumina process
05. Aluminium - Extruded products 06. Aluminium - Rolled products
07. Aluminium - Recycled 08. Aluminium - Castings

09. How aluminium is made

10. Aluminum flowsheet
11. Production and transformation 12. The making of aluminum
13. Alumina process for aluminium production 14. Aluminium production
15. The bauxite mining and alumina refining process  

Overview
01. Aluminium plant - overview 02. Energy efficiency and expected benefits
03. Energy saving measures - aluminium plant 04. Aluminium process technologies
05. Optimising the reduction process in an aluminium plant

Automobile

Process
01. Automobile engine : introduction 02. Understanding automobile internal parts
03. Working of 2 stroke engine 04. Working of 4 stroke engine
05. Four stroke diesel engine 06. Transmission in automobile
07. Working of a diesel engine 08. The 2 stroke petrol engine
09. The 4 stroke petrol engine  

Overview
01. India automobile industry  

Cement

Process
01. Process 02. Cement process
03. Cement brief process 04. Key stages in cement production
05. Cement manufacturing process 06. Impact of alternative fuels
07. Pictorial view - cement manufacturing process 08. Cement process
09. Cement production process 10. Manufacture of ordinary portland cement
11. Cement manufacturing  

Overview
01. Cement industry - India 02. Process wise Indian cement plants
03. Cement plant - overview 04. Process optimization in cement industry
05. Energy efficiency- Indian cement industry 06. Best practices - Shree cement limited, Beawar
07. Energy conservation - Binani cement 08. Inducting energy efficient technologies
09. Electronic information processing 10. Small group activity - ACC, Lakheri
11. Specialized coal & pet coke firing pipe design 12. Energy saving measures - cement plants
13. Assessment of Energy - Potential in India 14. Bricking and debricking kilns
15. Petroleum coke utilization 16. 3 strategies for reducing cement kiln
17. AC-DC kilns 18. Cement - Wound rotor motor
19. Cement - Alternate drive solutions  

Useful Link
01. http://ietd.iipnetwork.org/content/cement  

Chemicals

Process
01. Manufacturing of ethanol from ethene 02. Manufacturing process of chemicals
03. Production of ethanol  

Overview
01. Indian chemical industry overview 02. Technical glossary - Chemical
03. Chemical industry overview 04. Saving energy - chemicals
05. Coal chemicals 06. Technology for process heaters

Chlor Alkali

Process
01. Process 02. Chlorine
03. Chlor alkali (CA) process 04. Chlor alkali - Electrolysis
05. Chlor alkali - Membrane cell process 06. Chlor alkali
07. Chlorine 08. Manufacturing sodium
09. Manufacturing processes chlor alkali 10. Process overview chlorine

Overview
01. Chlor alkali industry - India 02. Fun facts chlorine
03. The Chlor-alkali production process ASC 04. Waste minimization chlor alkali plant
05. Advanced chlor alkali 06. Products for the chloralkali industry
07. Chlor Alkali - India  

Dairy

Process
01. Introduction production milk 02. Concentrated and dried dairy products
03. Clarification cream separation 04. Pasteurization
05. UHT ( ultra-high temperature treatment ) 06. Homogenization of milk and milk products
07. Membrane processing 08. Butter manufacture
09. Yogurt 10. Ice cream - Formulations
11. Ice cream - Ingredients 12. Ice cream - Manufacture
13. Ice cream - Structure 14. Ice cream - Freezing process
15. Ice cream - Shelf-life 16. Ice cream - Flavours
17. Butter processing 18. Milk processing
19. Cheese manufacturing process 20. Dairy fermentation
21. Pasteurization of milk 22. Margarine production process

Overview
01. Overview milk 02. Evaporation and dehydration
03. Production & utilization of steam & refrigeration 04. Whipped cream structure
05. Chemistry and physics 06. Fact dairy

Distillery & Brewery

Process
01. Brewery process 02. Distilling
03. Manufacture of alcohol 04. The distilling process
05. Process 06. The history of plymouth gin
07. How is rum made? reference - bacardi.com 08. Distillery manufacturing process
09. Distillery process  

Product
Making
Classification
   Brandy
   Rum
   Whisky
   White spirits
   Wine & aperitifs

Drugs & Pharmaceuticals

Process
01. How capsules are made 02. Capsule manufacturing

Overview
01. Manufacturing pharmaceuticals 02. Types of medicinal drugs
03. Making medicines 04. Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing

Fertilizer

Process
01. Process 02. Fertilizer production processes
03. Effect of the Haber process on fertilizers 04. Fertilizer production
05. Haber process 06. Raw materials for fertilizer production
07. Fertilizer plants 08. Fertilizer process
09. Fertilizer manufacture 10. Fertilizer manufacture
11. Charcoal fertilizer process 12. Manufacturing commercial phosphate fertilizer
13. Ammonia manufacturing process 14. Phosphate extraction and manufacturing phosphate
15. Potassium process  

Overview
01. Fertilizer definitions 02. Fertilizer overview - India
03. Fertilizer plant - overview 04. Energy saving measures - fertilizer plants
05. ATS process 06. Fertilizer Production in India

Forging

Process
 01. What is forging? 02. How are forgings produced

Overview
01. Glossary 02. How to buy forgings

Foundry

Process
01. Fundamentals of casting 02. Foundry
03. Manufacturing processes 04. Foundry step by step instructions [ size 1086 Kb]
05. Gray iron foundries 06. Metal casting
07. Foundry processes  

Overview
01. Glossary 02. Metal casting steel foundaries
03. Investment casting 04. Castings or forgings
05. Author - Prof. B. Ravi, IIT Bombay
a.
Metal casting - Overview
[ size 1899 Kb]
b.
Solid modelling of castings
[ size 0517 Kb]
c.
Pattern, mould and core design
[ size 0399 Kb]
d.
Feeder design and analysis
[ size 0369 Kb]
e.
Gating design and analysis 
[ size 0459 Kb]
f.
Process planning and costing
[ size 0270 Kb]
g.
Design for castability 
[ size 0377 Kb]

Glass

Process
01. Hand blown glass 02. Float glass
03. Float glass process 04. Glass industry [ 1.78 Mb, pdf ]
05. The manufacturing process 06. Glass manufacturing book [ 3.6 Mb, pdf ]
07. Float glass production process 08. Float glass manufacturing process
09. Flat glass production processes  

Overview
01. Glossary 02. What is laminated glass ?
03. Mirror 04. Photovoltaic glass
05. Reflective glass 06. Low emissivity coatings in IGU's
07. Body-tinted glass 08. Glass films vs coated glass
09. Glass recycle 10. Is glass liquid or solid
11. Refractories for the glass Industry 12. Glass recycling

Integrated Steel

Process
01. Production process 02. Steel process flow
03. Coal utilization in steel industry 04. Coke production from blast furnace ironmaking
05. The coke oven by-product plant 06. How a blast furnace works
07. The Basic Oxygen Steel making (BOS) process 08. Electric arc furnace steelmaking
09. Continuous casting of steel: Basic principles  

Overview
01. Iron & steel plant - overview 02. Secondary refining
03. Secondary steelmaking: overview 04. Energy saving measures - Iron & steel plants
05. Future Technologies for Energy Efficient  

Websites
Tata Steel - steel making Process

Useful Link
01. http://ietd.iipnetwork.org/content/iron-and-steel  

Jute

Process
 01. Jute

Overview
 01. Indian jute industry
 03. Glossary  

Websites
 

Mining

Process
01. Mining process
03. Hard rock mining process 04. Coal and coal mining
05. Modern mining process 06. Copper mining process
07. Diamond mining 08. Mining process

Overview
03. Mining coal 04. Rocks and their uses
05. Mining equipment - pictures 06. Chloride process in treating off-grade ores
07. Flotation column - mineral processing 08. Non-ferrous metals production
09. Applications of special alumina-future trends  

Paint

Process
01. What is powder coating
 

Overview
01. Composition of paint
03. Secrets of paint and stain chemistry 04. Basic paint composition
05. What is paint 06. Painting

Petrochemicals

Process
02. Fractional distillation
03. Refining flow diagram 04. Gas processing
05. Petroleum refinery process 06. How gasoline is made
07. Oil extraction and refining 08. Oil refining process
09. Petrochemical oil refining 10. Petrochemicals process flow chart
11. Refining crude oil 12. Refining of petroleum

Overview
02. Petrochemical
03. General petroleum products 04. Petrochemicals - India
05. Petrochemicals 06. The production of EPS packaging
07. ATA process in aromatics plants 08. Fugitive emission losses
09. Petrochemical value added process 10. Energy Efficiency Improvement
11. Refining Industry - India  

Plastics

Process
01. How is plastic made  

Overview
01. Plastics 02. Plastics and polymer manufacturers
03. Uses of plastics 04. Glossary
05. Acronyms  

Websites
 

Pulp & Paper

Process
01. Process 02. Sulphate pulp process - Introduction
03. Sulphate pulp process - Washing control 04. Sulphate pulp process - Evaporation
05. Sulphate pulp process - Recovery boiler 06. Sulphate pulp process - Green liquor
07. Sulphite pulp process 08. Paper Sizing process - Introduction
09. Paper Sizing process - Starch cooking control 10. Paper Sizing process - Size press control
11. Manufacturing paper 12. Paper coatings
13. IR Paper dryer 14. Paper drying
15. Paper manufacturing 16. Process wise indian pulp and paper plants
17. Paper manufacturing process 18. Pulp production
19. Paper making process 20. Chemical recovery at the sulphate pulp mill
21. Paper production process 22. Paper making and recycling

Overview
01. Garner - paper 2002 02. Paper industry globalview
03. Pulp and paper industry water treatment 04. Pulp and paper industry
05. Ultrasound in paper manufacturing and recycling 06. Anatomy of a modern paper mill
07. Viability of biomass-fuelled cogeneration plants 08. Process integration through pinch analysis

Sugar

Process
01. Process 02. Processing the sugar
03. Cane sugar process - Introduction 04. Cane sugar process -Affination
05. Cane sugar process - Decolourisation 06. Cane sugar process - Evaporation
07. Cane sugar process - Vacuum pan 08. Cane sugar process - Recovery pan
09. Beet sugar process - Introduction 10. Beet sugar process - Extraction
11. Beet sugar process - Evaporator control 12. Beet sugar process - Crystallization control
13. Beet sugar process - Crystallization 14. Beet sugar process - Green syrup and molasses
15. Beet sugar process - Desugarisation of molasses 16. Technology and manufacturing process
17. Production of sugar 18. Sugar manufacturing process
19. Sugar processing 20. Sugar production

Overview
01. Technical articals from journals (06)  
a. Paper 1 - Furnace modification (634 kb) b. Paper 2 - Harmonics - A necessary evil (798 kb)
c. Paper 3 - Mill roller grooving (546 kb) d. Paper 4 - Power saving - filterate handling (688 kb)
e. Paper 5 - Steam parameters (806 kb) f.  Paper 6 - Design and maintanance (1079 kb)
02. Conventional sulfitation process 03. The sugar industry
04. From cane to sugar to granulated sugar  

Tea

Process
01. Tea manufacture process 02. Tea machinery 01 , pictures
03. Tea manufacturing process 04. Tea manufacturing process
05. Tea manufacturing process 06. Tea manufacturing process
07. Tea types and production process 08. Tea process
09. Tea cultivation and production process  

Overview
01. What is tea ? 02. Tea manufacturing
03. Tea glossary 04. Tea FAQ
05. Tea chemistry 01 , 02 06. Classification of tea
07. Innovative measures for energy management 08. Quality of made tea through efficient drying
09. From leaf to tea  

Textile

Process
01. Process 02. Textile manufacturing process
04. Textile manufacturing process 03. Textile manufacturing process

Overview
01. Textile Sector - India 02. Textiles 01 - Encarta
04. Textiles 03 - Encarta 03. Textiles 02 - Encarta
05. Textiles 04 - Encarta 06. Conservation of lubricants
08. Monitoring and control of energy consumption 07. Compressed air requirement for spinning
09. Compressed air system, Introduction 10. Effect of processing conditions
11. Energy balance and accounting for boilers 12. Fuel saving in decentralised process house units
14. Eliminate fibre ball formation 13. IT based sewing room data
15. Optimisation of compressed air cost 16. SITRA energy audit
17. Heat economy in textile mills 18. Conservation of fuel oils
19. Cyclic activated sludge technology 20. Energy saving in textile processing
21. Avenues for cost reduction in chemical 22. Energy savings & audit in textile industry
23. Synthetic and cellulosic fiber formation technology 24. Rayon fiber production
25. Fiber production process  

Tyres

Process
01. Tyre manufacturing process 02. How tyers are made
03. Tyre manufacturing process 04. Understanding retreading [ 1.18 Mb, pdf ]
05. Tyre manufacture process 06. Tyre manufacture process

Overview
01. Tyre 02. Tyre terminology
03. Tyre - modern vehicle design elements 04. Truck tyre basics
05. Natural rubber  

Websites
Scrap tire recycling by Kurt Reschner
 

Buildings

Overview
01. Building fabric 02. Ways to improve energy efficiency in buildings
03. Energy conservation measurers for hotel industry

Websites
 

Rice Mills

Websites
 

Zonal Railways

Overview
01. Railways activities 02. Railways overview


Overview
01. Port location and details 02. Ports and terminals


Process
01. Thermal power plant 02. INDAL, Hirakund - Picture1   Picture2
03. Steam turbine 04. Transformers
05. Power grids 06. Power stations
07. Sources of energy 08. Fuels - Coal
09. Hydropower plants 10. Hydraulic turbines
11. Hydro generators  

Overview
01. Electricity and power definitions 02. Electricity and motors
03. Electrical cables 04. Condenser and cooling system
05. Types of energy storage 06. FAQ on electricity
07. Flue gas cleaning 08. Geothermal power plants
09. Gas turbine 10. Variable Frequency Drives

Automobile Industry